What Did Carter Believe Was Necessary To Reach An Agreement

Polls remained tight in September and October, but Reagan`s performance in the Oct. 28 debate and Carter`s failure to secure the release of Iranian hostages gave Reagan the boost for Election Day. [229] Reagan won 50.7% of the vote and 489 votes, Carter won 41% of the popular vote and 49 electoral votes, and Anderson won 6.6% of the vote. [230] Reagan carried all but a handful of states and did particularly well among southern whites. [231] The magnitude of Reagan`s victory surprised many observers who expected a close race. Voter turnout reached its lowest level since the 1948 presidential election, reflecting the negative attitude of many people towards the three main candidates. [232] In simultaneous congressional elections, Republicans won control of the Senate for the first time since the 1950s. [231] Carter, meanwhile, was the first president-elect to lose re-election since Herbert Hoover in 1932. [233] However, it soon became clear that Egypt and Israel preferred to deal only with each other, and Carter adjusted his expectations accordingly. and agile enough to support what Sadat and Begin essentially did in a bilateral process,” Daniel C.

Kurtzer, professor of Middle East politics at Princeton University and former U.S. ambassador to Egypt and Israel, told HISTORY. The crisis quickly gained international and domestic attention, and Carter promised to secure the hostages` release. He rejected Iran`s request for Pahlavi`s return in exchange for the hostages` release. His approval ratings rose as Americans rallied around his response, but the crisis became increasingly problematic for his administration as it continued. [177] In an attempt to rescue the hostages, Carter launched Operation Eagle Claw in April 1980. The operation was a total disaster and ended in the deaths of eight American soldiers. The failure of the operation strengthened Ayatollah Khomeini`s position in Iran and severely damaged Carter`s domestic position. [178] Carter received another blow when Vance, who had always opposed the operation, resigned. [179] Iran refused to negotiate the return of the hostages until Iraq launched an invasion in September 1980. In Algeria`s role as mediator, negotiations continued until an agreement was reached in January 1981. In exchange for the release of the 52 prisoners, Iran gained access to more than $7 billion of its money, which had been frozen in the United States.

Iran waited up to 30 minutes after Carter left office on January 20, 1981 to release the prisoners. [180] Carter was elected governor of Georgia in 1970 and gained a reputation for being a progressive and racially moderate governor of the South during his four-year term. .